Oct 16, 2019

Influence of Self-incompatibility locus on gene flow between populations

Date: October 16, 2019 | 12:30 pm – 1:30 pm
Speaker: Natalia Ruzickova, IST Austria
Location: I22 Lakeside View (I22.01)

To prevent selfing and inbreeding, flowering plants have evolved various mechanisms, one of them being self-incompatibility. In these systems, when a plant has particular alleles at the S-locus it can only be fertilized by a pollen carrying a different S-allele. The S-locus is thus under negative frequency-dependent selection, where rare S-alleles have a mating advantage compared to common S-alleles. In a metapopulation, the rare allele advantage means that the S-locus has a higher effective migration rate, which affects the dynamics at adjacent loci: neutral loci linked to the S-locus may have enhanced gene flow and may spread more rapidly in the recipient population. However, loci under divergent selection can reduce gene flow, which leads to a tension between different parts of the genome. In our deterministic model of one-way migration between two populations, we focus on how the S-locus boosts gene flow of linked neutral alleles and how it interacts with background selection due to a linked negatively selected locus. The model was inspired by a hybrid zone in Antirrhinum (snapdragons).

More Information:

Date:
October 16, 2019
12:30 pm – 1:30 pm

Speaker:
Natalia Ruzickova, IST Austria

Location:
I22 Lakeside View (I22.01)

Contact:

FRAISSE Christelle

Email:
cfraisse@ist.ac.at

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