Jan 17, 2020
Topological quantum matter in van der Waals materials: non-Abelian excitations and new experimental probes
Date: January 17, 2020 |
11:00 am –
Speaker: Zlatko Papic, University of Leeds
Location: Heinzel Seminar Room / Office Bldg West (I21.EG.101)
— a property that could help realize fault tolerant quantum computation. Non-Abelian anyons have long been predicted to occur in the fractional quantum Hall (FQH) phases that form in two-dimensional electron gases in the presence of a large magnetic field. However, direct experimental evidence of anyons has remained elusive. In this talk I will present our proposal for experimentally visualizing the structure of interacting electronic states using the scanning tunneling microscope (STM). This method is capable of detecting the unique signatures of anyons, and it is particularly well-suited to semiconducting transition-metal dichalcogenides, a new class of 2D electron systems whose atomically thin structure — just like graphene — facilitates gate-tunability. I will review the recent observation of FQH states in one such material WSe2, including an even-denominator FQH state that is expected to host non-Abelian anyons.
These results suggest that van der Waals materials could provide a versatile experimental platform that may enable to directly detect — and perhaps ultimately manipulate
— the exotic anyon particles.